Dual Active Bridge-Based Battery Charger for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Charging Current Containing Low Frequency Ripple
Dual Active Bridge-Based Battery Charger for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle With Charging Current Containing Low Frequency Ripple
Manufacturers want high power density for the on-board battery chargers of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Wide bandgap devices can be used to shrink other passive components by increasing the switching frequency, but the bulk dc link capacitor of the ac-dc power factor correction stage, becomes one of the major barriers to higher power density, because its volume depends on the ripple power at the double line frequency in a dc current charging system. However, if this double line frequency ripple flows into the battery, the dc link capacitance can be significantly reduced. This charging scheme, named as sinusoidal charging in this paper, is analyzed and implemented based on a two-stage battery charging system, which is comprised of one full bridge ac-dc stage and one dual active bridge dc-dc stage. We further find that converter loss causes ripple power imbalance and bigger dc link capacitance. Therefore, the impact of converter loss on the ripple power balance is analyzed, and a feedback control on the dc link voltage ripple is proposed based on this analysis in order to further reduce the dc link capacitance. The effectiveness of the proposed solutions is verified in both Si-based and GaN-based charging systems.
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